Le Chardonneret d’Europe : petit oiseau aux grandes merveilles

Le Chardonneret d'Europe : petit oiseau aux grandes merveilles

European Goldfinch: The Elegant Chardonneret

Introduction

The European goldfinch, also known as the chardonneret in French, is a small passerine bird belonging to the finch family. It is a common bird found in Europe, North Africa, and western Asia. The goldfinch is known for its striking colors, lively nature, and melodious song, which make it a popular bird for birdwatchers and avian enthusiasts. In this documentary, we will explore the fascinating world of the European goldfinch, its behavior, habitat, diet, and breeding habits. We will also find out why the goldfinch is one of the most elegant and colorful birds in the world.

The Physical Characteristics of the European Goldfinch

The European goldfinch is a small bird, measuring about 12 to 13 cm (4.7 to 5.1 in) in length. It has a distinctive red face, a black and white head, and a grey-brown striped back. The wings are black and yellow, and the tail is black and white. The male goldfinch has a bright yellow wing patch, which is absent in females. The bill is short and conical, and the eyes are dark brown. The legs are pinkish-brown.

The Habitat of the European Goldfinch

The European goldfinch is a common bird found in a wide range of habitats, such as woodlands, hedgerows, parks, gardens, and farmlands. It prefers open areas with scattered trees and bushes and can be found at altitudes of up to 2,500 meters (8,200 ft) above sea level. The goldfinch is a resident bird in most of its range, but some populations may migrate during the winter months.

The Diet of the European Goldfinch

The European goldfinch is a granivorous bird, feeding mainly on seeds, especially from thistle and teasel plants. It also feeds on the buds of trees and shrubs, as well as on insects in the breeding season. The goldfinch has a special adaptation that allows it to extract the seeds from thistle flowers. It uses its bill to pierce the base of the flower and extract the seeds with its tongue. This adaptation makes the goldfinch one of the few birds that can feed on thistle seeds.

The Breeding Habits of the European Goldfinch

The European goldfinch is a monogamous bird, and pairs usually form in the breeding season, which runs from April to August. The male goldfinch performs a spectacular courtship display, singing and flapping its wings while perched on a branch or in the air. The female will build the nest, which is a small cup-shaped structure made of twigs, grass, and moss. The nest is usually located in a tree or a bush, and the female will lay 4 to 6 pale blue eggs. The eggs will hatch after about 12 to 14 days, and the chicks will fledge after about 14 days.

The Song of the European Goldfinch

The European goldfinch is known for its melodious song, which is a series of twittering notes interspersed with trills and whistles. The male goldfinch is the main singer, and his song is used to attract a mate and defend his territory. The goldfinch has a complex vocal system, allowing it to produce a wide range of sounds and songs. The song of the goldfinch is a familiar sound in the European countryside and is a favorite of many bird enthusiasts.

Images and Photos of the European Goldfinch

Images and photos of the European goldfinch are widely available on the internet and in birdwatching books and guides. They showcase the elegant and colorful nature of this bird. The male goldfinch, with its bright colors and striking wing patch, is a popular subject for photographers and birdwatchers alike.

Conservation Status of the European Goldfinch

The European goldfinch is a widespread and common bird, with a population estimated at around 20 million birds. It is not considered a threatened species, and its conservation status is of « least concern » according to the IUCN Red List. However, the goldfinch, like other bird species, faces threats from habitat loss, pesticides, and predation.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About the European Goldfinch

Q: Are goldfinches migratory birds?


A: Some populations of goldfinches may migrate during the winter months, but most are resident birds.

Q: What is the scientific name of the European goldfinch?


A: The scientific name of the European goldfinch is Carduelis carduelis.

Q: How can you attract goldfinches to your garden?


A: You can attract goldfinches to your garden by providing a bird feeder with thistle or Niger seeds, planting thistle and teasel plants, and providing a source of fresh water.

Conclusion

The European goldfinch is one of the most elegant birds in the world, with its striking colors, melodious song, and lively nature. It is a common bird found in a wide range of habitats, and its diet consists mainly of seeds from thistle and teasel plants. The goldfinch is not considered a threatened species, but it faces threats from habitat loss and pesticides. The goldfinch is a popular subject for bird enthusiasts and photographers, and its song and colors are a familiar sound and sight in the European countryside.